Plantar fasciitis is a type of foot pain. Going to a physician and having the proper examination done is the only way to be correctly diagnosed with plantar fasciitis. You primary physician will most likely refer you to a podiatrist for the actual diagnoses. Plantar fascia is a thick fibrous band of connective tissue extending from the bottom of the heel bone across the sole of your foot to your toes. The pain associated with the plantar fascia is more prevalent in heavier people and people who are less likely to be athletic.
Treatment can be as simple as rest, message and physical therapy to as advanced as orthotics and even surgery. Your physician will probably give you a prescription for some anti-inflamitory and advise you to rest first. Putting cold compress on the painful area can decrease the pain, but will only last for a little while. Your doctor may advise you to loose weight if he or she feels that is the cause of you pain. Weight loss will alleviate the pressure being put on the bottoms of your feet.]
For specific shoe recommendations, I suggest looking closely at the New Balance Running shoes. In my experience, these are hands down the best shoes to wear if you have plantar fasciitis as they provide superior support.
Another option, for some, is to give a full blown plantar fasciitis treatment system a shot. This system basically gives you a sound strategy to follow so you can work on getting rid of the problem. If you want the free option, your library may have some basic guides to plantar fasciitis treatment help (keep in mind it's a long term process).
There are other treatment options beside plantar fasciitis shoes. Orthotics are inserts specially made for your feet. The physician takes an impression of the bottom and sides of your feet. This is do he can have your orthotics made by an outside source. You doctor will send the castings to a company that specializes in orthotics. A few weeks later you will return with the shoes you primarily wear and to make sure everything works together. You should be able to use the orthitics in athletic shoes and most work shoes.
Message and physical therapy are ways of stretching the calf muscle and plantar fascia. This will work to alleviate the pain and is beneficial while going to therapy. To Continue pain relief after the therapy you will have to stretch on you own.
Surgery is the last resort and not a guaranteed way to relive the pain. This also comes with a few risks. It is possible to have permanent nerve damage and infections. Plus you can damage the plantar fascia and have no pain relief.